Machu Picchu is both a cultural and natural UNESCO World Heritage Site. Since its discovery in 1911, growing numbers of tourists have visited the site each year, including 1,411,279 in 2017. As Peru’s most visited tourist attraction and major revenue generator, it is continually exposed to economic and commercial forces. In the late 1990s, the Peruvian government granted concessions to allow the construction of a cable car and a luxury hotel, including a tourist complex with boutiques and restaurants and a bridge to the site. Many people protested the plans, including Peruvians and foreign scientists, saying that more visitors would pose a physical burden on the ruins. A no-fly zone exists above the area. UNESCO is considering putting Machu Picchu on its List of World Heritage in Danger.
During the 1980s a large rock from Machu Picchu’s central plaza was moved to a different location to create a helicopter landing zone. In the 1990s, the government prohibited helicopter landings. In 2006, a Cusco-based company, Helicusco, sought approval for tourist flights over Machu Picchu. The resulting license was soon rescinded.
Authorities have struggled to maintain tourist safety. Tourist deaths have been linked to altitude sickness, floods and hiking accidents. UNESCO received criticism for allowing tourists at the location given high risks of landslides, earthquakes and injury due to decaying structures.
Nude tourism is a recent trend, to the dismay of Peruvian officials. In several incidents, tourists were detained for posing for nude pictures or streaking across the site. Peru’s Ministry of Culture denounced these acts for threatening Peru’s cultural heritage. Cusco’s Regional Director of Culture increased surveillance to end the practice.
How many tourists visit Machu Picchu annually?
The number of visitors to Machu Picchu each year has grown from the low 100,00s in the 1980s, to a peak of nearly 1.2 million tourists in 2013 – a 700% increase!
Curbing Tourism to Machu Picchu
Concern over the impact of tourism on the preservation of Machu Picchu is significant. UNESCO have threatened to place the site on their endangered list and archeologists and academics have openly expressed their concerns.
In response, the Peruvian Ministry of Culture reluctantly implemented new measures to curb tourism in 2011. The conflict between promoting tourism, which is a major contributor to the Peruvian economy, and conserving the famous site, continues to lead to mix priorities.
Entrance to the site has been set at a limit of 2,500 tourists a day, and access onto the popular Inca Trail, a 4-day trek that leads hikers into Machu Picchu, is limited to 500 permits a day (300 of which go to porters and guides).
There are also talks of new regulations coming into effect for 2015.
In particular, the Peruvian government will likely pass new rules that will restrict the flow of tourists through three pre-determined routes in the ancient city. All tourists will also need to join guided tours that are limited to 20 people, and will only be allowed to stop for short periods along demarcated places on the routes.
The Future of Machu Picchu
It is unlikely that Bingham ever imagined that the city he discovered in 1911 would become as popular as it is today, and he would likely turn in his grave if he knew how many tourists visit Machu Picchu annually.
Gone are the days where one could arrive in Cusco and decide to trek the Inca trail or visit Machu Picchu on the spur of the moment. Today one needs to book their visit months in advance, and will undoubtedly share the experience with 100s of tourists.
This means smart planning is key.
Choosing to visit during the wet non-peak season (October-April), especially if you are not trekking, can be a good idea. The shoulder months of March / April and October / November provide the best balance between lower tourist activity and potentially good weather.
Staying a night in Aguas Calientes before visiting Machu Picchu is also a good strategy as it means you can get up early to catch one of the first buses to ruins. The site is relatively quiet between 06:30 and 08:30, and gets particularly busy after 11:00.
Hanging around until the late afternoon before the site closes at 17:00 will also usually guarantee you some respite from the tourists hordes.
Alternatively why not consider a trek to one of many other Inca sites in the Cusco region. Choquequirao is a particularly impressive site that only gets 3,000-4,000 visitors a year, and can be combined with a visit to Machu Picchu!
Author: Mark Whitman
Spanish numbers 1-100
1 Uno 2 dos 3 tres 4 cuatro 5 cinco 6 seis 7 siete 8 ocho 9 nueve 10 diez
11 once 12 doce 13 trece 14 catoce 15 quince
16 diesciséis 17 diescisiete 18 dieciocho 19 diecinueve
21 veintiuno 22 veintidós 23 veintitrés 24 veinticuatro
25 veinticinco 26 veintiséis 27 veintisiete 25 veintiocho
31 treinta y uno 32 treinta y dos 33 treinta y tres 34 treinta y cuatro
35 treinta y cinco 36 treinta y seis 37 treinta y siete 35 treinta y ocho
41 cuarenta y uno 42 cuarenta y dos 43 cuarenta y tres 44 cuarenta y cuatro
45 cuarenta y cinco 46 cuarenta y seis 47 cuarenta y siete 48 cuarenta y ocho
49 cuarenta y nueve
51 cincuenta y uno 52 cincuenta y dos 53 cincuenta y tres 54 cincuenta y cuatro
55 cincuenta y cinco 56 cincuenta y seis 57 cincuenta y siete 58 cincuenta y ocho
59 cincuenta y nueve
61 sesenta y uno 62 sesenta y dos 63 sesenta y tres 64 sesenta y cuatro
65 sesenta y cinco 66 sesenta y seis 67 sesenta y siete 68 sesenta y ocho
69 sesenta y nueve
71 setenta y uno 72 setenta y dos 73 setenta y tres 74 setenta y cuatro
75 setenta y cinco 76 setenta y seis 77 setenta y siete 78 setenta y ocho
79 setenta y nueve
81 ochenta y uno 82 ochenta y dos 83 ochenta y tres 84 ochenta y cuatro
85 ochenta y cinco 86 ochenta y seis 87 ochenta y siete 88 ochenta y ocho
89 ochenta y nueve
91 noventa y uno 92 noventa y dos 93 noventa y tres 94 noventa y cuatro
95 noventa y cinco 96 noventa y seis 97 noventa y siete 98 noventa y ocho
99 noventa y nueve
Spanish sentences with the verb Ser
Yo soy Ana
Tu eres amigo de Ana.
Ella es mi amiga.
El es el profesor de Español.
Usted es profesor de esta escuela.
Esto es bueno.
Nosotros somos estudiantes de Español.
Vosotros sois de España.
Ellos son mis vecinos.
Ellas son mis hermanas.
Estos lapiceros son tuyos.
Ustedes son mis amigos.
Spanish sentences with the verb Estar
Yo estoy en Estados Unidos.
Tu estas conmigo.
El está en la calle.
Ella está en la tienda.
Esto esta sucio.
Usted esta contenta.
Nosotros estamos enfermos.
Vosotros estáis lejos.
Ellos estan aquí.
Ellas están durmiendo.
Ustedes están cansados.
Inside the orientation packet he received as a first-year resident at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, Dr. Christopher Kellner found a flier advertising a course in performing basic life support alongside a handout describing free Spanish-language instruction.
The aspiring neurosurgeon, who starts his residency this week at the hospital’s Columbia University Medical Center campus, speculated that the language skills would prove the more useful training. “Working in Washington Heights and going to Columbia, you need to speak Spanish,” he said.
By encouraging residents to learn Spanish, the most commonly spoken language in New York City after English, hospitals are signaling the increasing importance of the skill in overall medical training. In some cases, hospitals are even encouraging residents to receive “medical” Spanish instruction that focuses on the terminology they will need to examine, diagnose, and treat patients.
“If you can’t elicit what the patient is feeling, you’re going to lose a lot,” the director of a medical Spanish program at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Maria Marzan, said. “I don’t need for my students to learn what to say in a Spanish restaurant. I need them to learn to ask questions of this patient in a culturally sensitive way.”
At NewYork-Presbyterian, the reason for offering Spanish lessons to residents was simple: “They’re here and they don’t know Spanish,” the director of the internal medicine residency program at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, Dr. Mark Pecker, said. About one-third of the hospital’s patients speak Spanish as a first language, he added.
In New York City, the large immigrant population makes the need to speak Spanish to patients particularly acute. By law, the state’s Department of Health requires hospitals to provide a certain level of language assistance to patients who do not speak English. Most hospitals have translators on-site, or special telephone hookups that provide translation services.
Yet some residents said they still prefer to speak and understand Spanish themselves, as translators can be hard to find, particularly during the night shift. One resident at St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital, Dr. Komal Jhaveri, said she took a Spanish course for that reason. “I need to know words that describe chest pain,” she said.
Other aspiring doctors said speaking a patient’s language helps them form a better relationship with them. “The main reason we’re in medical school is to learn how to treat patients. I think an important part of being a good doctor is being able to communicate with your patients,” a fourth-year student at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Ryan Ungaro, said. Starting this fall, Mount Sinai will offer medical Spanish classes to students, after several years of urging by Mr. Ungaro and other students.
In general, medical Spanish courses are designed to complement courses that teach clinical skills. “The primary goal is to get a student to the point where they can take a medical history,” a Spanish-language instructor who teaches at several New York hospitals, Michael Shane, said. During a recent lesson at NewYork-Presbyterian’s Weill Cornell Medical Center campus, Mr. Shane said many medical terms are similar in Spanish and in English. “I mention sarcoma and carcinoma,” he said. “They’re exactly the same. You just put on your Spanish accent and you’ve got it.”
Still, according to Ms. Marzan, of Einstein, stressing cultural sensitivity is also key. For example, some immigrants take herbal supplements to treat their ailments. Patients might also describe symptoms in a way that doctors are not accustomed to. For example, describing pain as being felt everywhere might mean the patient feels a lot of pain, and pain that is described as moving from the stomach to the chest to the face may be a reference to nausea.
Slang should also be taken into account. During the language lesson at NewYork-Presbyterian, students were taking turns naming parts of the human form when one doctor mistakenly used a casual word for buttocks. Laughing, Mr. Shane corrected him. “‘Culo’ is basically ‘ass,'” he said. “You would never say that to a patient.”
By E.B. SOLOMONT, Staff Reporter of the Sun | June 16, 2008
According to the website http://www.1.nyc.gov, over 2.4 million Hispanics reside in New York City, more than in any other city in the United States.
An estimated 18.2 percent of New Yorkers can speak Spanish, according the US Hispanic Data Gallery.
Speaking multiple languages – yes, Spanish among them – simply creates more opportunities, more influence, and potentially more profit as well says CNN.com
The billionaire New Yorker Michael Bloomberg, former Mayor of NYC, used Spanish to communicate important safety information to the Spanish speaking community in the city when the Hurricane Sandy affected New York in 2012.
If you want to learn Spanish in New York City you can take online Spanish courses via Skype, in small groups or take private lessons in person by native Spanish teachers at www.istc-transinter.com
There are different courses that you can take according to your needs. If you are a professional in the medical field, you will find specific courses for your profession. You can also find Spanish courses that will help you to communicate with the Spanish speaking people living in New York or when you travel abroad.